Sunday, November 20, 2022

The Bronze Age samples from Sirnak in SE Turkey ( 3000-2700bc ) are remarkable

 The Bronze Age samples from Sirnak in SE Turkey ( 3000-2700bc ) are remarkable. Genome wide they are close to all those sites were Hurro-Urartian languages were attested. Notice it's closest pop is the Dinkha tepe BIA A which is related to Khabur ware in Iran. Khabur ware is usually linked with Hurrians.

It's age is close to hypothetic split of Hurrian and Urartian which might have occur before 2500bc. So are we dealing we a population that we can label as Proto Hurro-Urartian?
Quite possible. Except that the archaeologic description of this burial is not labeled as Kur-Araxian despite the fact that it is contemporary to Kur-Araxian culture. Most of this samples come from jar burials which was a prominent feature of preceding Chalcolithic cultures all over historic Armenia and neighbouring regions.
As You can see that Sirnak BA is different from contemporary Kur-Araxian site in Talin by excess of Levantine ancestry and lack of CHG. This result seriously decrease the chance that Kur-Arax was founded by Proto Hurro-Urartian people. Kur-Araxian Culture (KAC) almost certainly formed in South Caucasus in CHG shifted populations. Yet this Sirnak samples lacks them. Which mean that they don't descend from KAC.
Nevertheless it is possible that there are some other true Kur-Araxian sites near Sirnak that will yield some CHG shifted samples, or at last will show a trail of migration from South Caucasus. We need more samples from that region but at this stage it seems that HU descend from mountains contingent to Northern Mesopotamia.
Below are the Y dna from Sirnak. Many of this Y dna are found in modern Armenians.
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